There are three types of ankle sprains, namely lateral, medial and high ankle sprains. So how do these sprains differ from one another?
1. Lateral Ankle Sprains
Lateral ankle sprains are the most common form of ankle sprains, it is also known as inversion sprains as the ankle is inverted causing the injury. It is caused by uneven landing and also improper footwear. It can be seen frequently in sports that require repetitive jumping and landing such as basketball and also volleyball.
2. Medial Ankle Sprains
Medial ankle sprains are less common, this is due to the structural difference between the medial and lateral ligaments. The medial ligaments are attached together but the lateral ligaments are separate. This contributes to the strength of the medial ligaments.
3. High Ankle Sprains
High ankle sprains are commonly seen in sports that have a fairly large amount of collisions and also body contact. High ankle sprains when the leg is locked but forced to rotate. This is the primary cause of the high ankle sprains.
There are many ways to prevent the ankle sprains. They are proprioceptive exercises and also strengthening of the lower leg muscles. Proprioceptive exercises can be done using equipment such a Bosu ball, Uniplanar and Multi-planar boards. Strengthening exercises targeting the ankle can also be done using resistance bands. All these will help to reduce the incidence of ankle sprains. Proper prevention is key.