(+65) 8811 7258
Due to bunions forming, many people around the world suffer from pain near their big toes when they walk.
Bunions are an unfortunate medical condition that can affect 23% of people aged 18 to 65, and 36% of those aged over 65. Its effects range from mild discomfort to large amounts of pain, depending on how severe the bunion is.
A bunion is a bone deformity that forms on the inner joint at the base of the big toe.
Bunions usually develop when the big toe is pushed out of place by an external force. After several years of pressure, the big toe is bent towards the other toes, creating a protrusion on your joint that can inflict a lot of pain.
Early-stage bunions may not hurt much initially, but as they form and develop, bunions on your feet can lead to difficulties walking and buying shoes.
Why and how bunions form is a subject that has been thoroughly researched. Today, we know more about what causes bunions and what doesn’t.
You may have heard different sayings on what the causes are, but how true are they? We’ll show you 5 of the most common myths about bunions, and why they might not be accurate.
While you cannot ‘inherit’ bunions, you could certainly inherit a foot shape that is more prone to bunions.
Excessive stress to a specific part of your foot can cause bunions to form. The way you walk heavily influences this, as the weight is spread across unevenly, putting more load on one side.
Certain feet shapes are more prone to bunions, as your bone structure – which is hereditary – plays a part in your gait. Different walking patterns may cause greater loads on your feet, but poor walking patterns are usually a result of a bad habit, rather than genes.
It’s rather challenging to discover the link between shoe types and bunion formation. While it’s true that not everyone who wears tight shoes develops bunions, this doesn’t mean that those who don’t wear would not develop bunions.
Wearing tight shoes usually causes you to develop poor walking habits, and poor walking habits usually causes bunions. Tight shoes will highly likely change your walking style for the worse, as they tend to focus your weight towards the front of your feet, where bunions usually form.
Shoes with small/tight toe boxes also play a part in weakening the muscles in your foot, encouraging the forming of bunions. Such shoes shift your weight to the balls of your feet and your toes, placing more reliance and strain on them.
This myth is easily debunked. Men get bunions too. And one of the more common reasons is due to feet conditions such as flat feet, loose joints, low foot arches, and loose tendons.
However, women indeed tend to suffer from bunions more than men, mainly due to their footwear.
High heels often force your feet to contort in unnatural positions, resulting in poor posture and bad walking habits. Most of your body weight will be forced onto the front half of the feet, putting more pressure on the joint and increasing the likelihood of a bunion forming.
Men get bunions too. And one of the more common reasons is due to feet conditions such as flat feet, loose joints, low foot arches, and loose tendons.
Most doctors generally do not encourage you to get surgery for a bunion if it isn’t causing you excessive amounts of pain.
One way to relieve a painful bunion is to use bunion correctors. These can help straighten the alignment of your toe, and relieve any pressure or pain.
You can also consider medication to soften the skin around the bunion, and reduce chafing against the sides of the shoes. This helps to reduce pain and swelling.
Slipping shoe inserts into your footwear is another option. Shoe inserts provide additional cushioning, helping to prevent bunions.
It’s definitely better to get a bunion treated as soon as possible! They tend to grow bigger over time and will cause a large amount of pain, enough to disrupt your daily activities.
If your work involves long hours of standing or walking, it might be time to consider seeking treatment before your bunion worsens.
Though doctors only recommend surgery as a last resort, there are a few complications that arise with waiting too long to fix a bunion. For one, your ligaments and tendons may grow in a way that now encourages the growth of your bunion, making surgery more complicated.
If you have chronic inflammation in your big toe, and the swelling does not go away, you should also consider surgery.
Doing certain exercises can help ease your symptoms and reduce pain. Even if you don’t have bunions, regular exercises can help to prevent them from forming.
Here are 10 simple exercises to help you improve mobility, reduce pain, and potentially slow down or prevent bunion growth.
|What it helps with|
|Toe points and curls||Build toe strength and flexibility|
|Toe spread-outs||Build your toe strength and calf muscles|
|Toe circles||Strengthen your foot muscles and build flexibility in your toes|
|Assisted toe abduction with an exercise band||Strengthen your toes|
|Ball roll||Massage your foot and loosen your muscles|
|Towel grip and pull||Build toe strength|
|Marble pickup||Build toe strength and dexterity|
|Figure-8 rotation||Build flexibility and range of motion in your toe|
|Barefoot beach walking||Build and strengthen the muscles in your feet and toes|
Build calf muscles and strengthen your toes
These exercises will help you to prevent bunions from forming, even if you don’t have any symptoms. They can also help to relieve pain in your existing bunions. Here’s how to do each exercise.
This exercise will help to build toe strength and flexibility.
This exercise will help to build your toe strength and calf muscles.
This exercise will help to strengthen your foot muscles and build flexibility in your toes.
This exercise will help to strengthen your toes.
This exercise will massage your foot and loosen your muscles.
This exercise will help to build toe strength.
This exercise will help to build toe strength and dexterity.
This exercise will help to build flexibility and range of motion in your toe.
All you have to do is walk barefooted in the sand. The soft sand helps to build and strengthen the muscles in your feet and toes.
This exercise will help to build calf muscles and strengthen your toes.
We hope that this article helps you better understand bunions, and how to relieve and prevent them. If you want to seek professional help, our feet specialists are here to guide you through relieving your bunion pain.